Where a meeting of land and sea offers different views at every angle

From coral reefs and turtle nesting sites, to coastal plains and over woodlands to the Lebombo Mountain Range, this area is one of the most striking areas of biodiversity globally.


The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and Resource Area includes four distinct transfrontier conservation areas between Mozambique, South Africa and The Kingdom of eSwatini, covering a total area of 10 029 km².

It lies in the Maputaland Centre of Endemism that includes five Ramsar sites: Ndumo Game Reserve, the Kosi Bay System, Lake Sibaya, the Turtle Beaches and Coral Reefs of Tongaland and Lake St. Lucia (Africa’s largest estuary).

The TFCA boasts the first marine TFCA in Africa, the Ponta do Ouro-Kosi Bay TFCA, that connects Mozambique’s Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve turtle monitoring programme with South Africa’s iSimangaliso Wetland Park, a World Heritage Site.

Transfrontier Conservation Area

Transfrontier Conservation Area

National Park

National Park

Protected Area

Protected Area

Country Border

Country Border




The Memorandum of Understanding to formalise the establishment of the Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and Resource Area was signed by the Mozambique, South Africa and eSwatini (formerly Swaziland) Governments in 2000.

Peace Parks has been involved in supporting the TFCA since 2002, with our work concentrated on the Mozambican sections – Maputo Special Reserve and Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve.

In 2018, we signed a partnership agreement with Mozambique’s National Administration of Conservation Areas (ANAC) to jointly develop the aforementioned reserves according to a strategic business plan, with Peace Parks providing technical and financial support for conservation and tourism development activities. The partnership has unlocked significant investment from Peace Parks and its generous donors setting the scene for significant growth in the near future.


22 June 2000

South Africa, Mozambique and The Kingdom of eSwatini (formerly Swaziland) sign five protocols towards Lubombo’s establishment.


The World Bank donates $6 million to develop the Mozambican component of the Usuthu-Tembe-Futi TFCA. Development includes infrastructure and accommodation upgrades, and the construction of headquarters and accommodation facilities.


Mozambique and Peace Parks Foundation sign a co-­financing agreement for the development of Maputo Special Reserve and appoint a joint project implementation unit.


Mozambique declares the Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, formalising a 20-year turtle-monitoring programme that links up with the one in iSimangaliso Wetland Park, where turtles have been protected and monitored since 1963.


Peace Parks kicks-off a multi-year project that translocates wildlife from South Africa to Mozambique. The project is still ongoing and to date more than 4500 animals have been rewilded.

14 June 2011

The Futi Corridor is proclaimed a protected area to link Mozambique’s Maputo Special Reserve with South Africa’s Tembe Elephant Park.


The Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve headquarters are officially opened.


The Community Development Facility, a joint initiative between the government of Mozambique, COmON Foundation and Peace Parks Foundation, is established to bring about the sustainable economic development of communities living in and around Maputo Special Reserve.


A joint operations strategy for Maputo Special Reserve and Tembe Elephant Park was approved by the Lubombo Commission and a park management committee established.


The Maputo Special Reserve headquarters are officially opened.


Peace Parks Foundation in partnership with the Joaquim Chissano Foundation are appointed as the implementing agents for the World Bank’s MozBio, with the mandate to develop projects to enhance the livelihoods of communities living adjacent to Maputo Special Reserve and Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve.


The Mozambique’s National Administration of Conservation Areas (ANAC) and Peace Parks sign an agreement to jointly develop Maputo Special Reserve and Ponta Do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve.

In accordance with the agreement between Peace Parks and ANAC, we assisted with merging the management structures of Maputo Special Reserve and Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve. Significant effort has gone into first securing the area with improved security measures, then reintroducing wildlife through rewilding while working closely with communities to reduce their dependence on natural resources. The protected areas have greatly benefitted from these interventions and are now geared for tourism development that will result in the reserves being financially self-sustained.

Our support to the reserves include governance, increased capacity, conservation management, anti-poaching, community engagement, tourism development, as well as assistance with marketing and awareness activities.

Maputo Special Reserve

Maputo Special Reserve

This 1 500 km2 reserve combines lakes, wetlands, swamp forests, grasslands and mangrove forests with a pristine coastline in southern Mozambique.

Ponta do Ouro Marine Reserve

Ponta do Ouro Marine Reserve

Nestled adjacent to Maputo Special Reserve, the marine protected area stretches from Ponta do Ouro in the south to the Maputo River Mouth in Maputo Bay in the north.



08 Jul 2019

Enter the mighty buffalo!

Maputo Special Reserve (MSR) received 99 new buffalo on 26 and 27 June 2019. The...

02 Jul 2019

Entangled: a sea turtle rescued

With only its head still peeking from the entangled net, this turtle was clinging to...

12 Jun 2019

Saluting the brave rangers who helped cyclone Kenneth victims

Hundreds of thousands of Mozambicans were affected by the country's worst cyclone yet. We deployed...

11 May 2019

Teamwork saves baby ellie

This week, a three-month-old elephant was saved thanks to the actions of the Muvucuza Community...



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