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Simalaha Community Conservancy

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In the Simalaha Community Conservancy the Sesheke and Sekhute Chiefdoms are taking ownership of their own destiny: following a community-led approach to improve basic human rights – such as access to food, health, livelihood opportunities and education – by responsibly managing and protecting natural resources and wildlife.

In 2012, the senior leadership of the two chiefdoms agreed that their land be developed as a wildlife conservancy, to allow for conservation of the area and viable natural resource management, but also promote income generation through nature-based economies and tourism opportunities. On 22 October of that year, Simalaha was officially launched by Chief Sekute of the Kazungula district and Senior Chief Inyambo Yeta of the Sisheke district. They also opened the conservancy offices at Mwandi Kuta.

The Conservancy comprises 180 000 ha of communal land and lies within one of six key wildlife dispersal areas in the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (KAZA), namely the Chobe Zambezi dispersal area that reaches from Chobe National Park in Botswana to Kafue National Park in Zambia.

The Conservancy is fundamental to re-establishing wildlife populations and their migration routes in the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area – the biggest terrestrial cross-border conservation system in the world – connecting 36 protected areas across Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Transfrontier Conservation Area

Transfrontier Conservation Area

National Park

National Park

Country Borders

Country Borders

Simalaha Community Conservancy

Simalaha Community Conservancy

Protected Area

Protected Area



In 2012, Peace Parks Foundation received a generous donation from the Swedish Postcode Lottery to develop a wildlife sanctuary in the Simalaha Community Conservancy and improve human rights,and improve the social, economic and environmental circumstances of the local communities.

The Simalaha Community Conservancy Trust was registered on 11 January 2019 and, subsequent elections of new Village Action Groups, led to the appointment of 10 group chairpersons. These chairpersons, together with nominated members from the traditional authorities, form the Board of Trustees. A core purpose of the Trust is to ensure transparent and efficient management of the Conservancy, and to ensure that benefits accrued through socio-economic activities are shared equitably between all chiefdoms and community members. Peace Parks Foundation will provide the Trust with the necessary support until the Trust is able to manage its own affairs.



In 2013, supported by Peace Parks, a wildlife sanctuary measuring 22 000 ha was established as part of Simalaha. The first wildlife translocation to the Simalaha Community Conservancy took place on 6 October 2013 and since then, more than 800 animals have been rewilded there. The animals have settled in well and are producing young, with more than 1 600 head of game now in the sanctuary.

Growing animal populations in the sanctuary mean that they will soon require more space. To this end, remote sensing was used in 2019 to identify human settlements and agricultural expansion in order to plan for the sanctuary’s boundary extension. Based on an analysis of the information, the sanctuary has now been expanded to 40 000 ha. An additional 670 animals will be translocated to Simalaha in 2020, including red lechwe, puku, eland, sable, hartebeest, waterbuck, and giraffe.


Thanks to MAVA, 22 community members were trained as wildlife scouts, known as Village Scouts, to protect the animals in the wildlife sanctuary. The conservancy wildlife manager and the community wildlife scouts carried out regular patrols to monitor wildlife in the conservancy. Communities have really taken ownership of conservation efforts and since the establishment of the sanctuary, there have been but a handful of poaching incidents.


Conservation agriculture

The main aim of conservation agriculture is to provide people with food security and balanced nutrition, while assisting in the restoration of the ecology. Approximately 1530 farmers have been trained in conservation agriculture and supported by the distribution of various seeds, cassava cuttings and manure. Training was made easier through education videos in the local language (Lozi) provided to the famers on Samsung tablets through support from Xcelus and Hitachi Data Systems. Both the quality and the quantity of harvests have improved, with many now producing surplus crops to sell.

Twenty lead farmers from the chiefdoms of Deputy Chief Joyce Sekute and Senior Chief Inyambo Yeta, have received training to become ‘contact’ farmers – empowering them to train other farmers in conservation agriculture techniques. The contact farmers were each presented with a bicycle to allow them to travel with more ease between the fields of the various farmers they have trained and continue to assist.

Water provision

In order to provide all-year field irrigation, 140 treadle pumps have been provided to farmers.  An additional 350 treadle pumps arrived in Simalaha recently and will be distributed to the communities over the next few months. Ten boreholes will also be drilled – one in each Village Action Group. The location and depth (approximately 100m) of these were scientifically determined using geophysical research so as to ensure that the water provided are not saline. The boreholes will feed into a solar pumping system that in turn pushes water into multipurpose water stations that provide fresh drinking water for both human and animals.


Communities in and around the Simalaha Community Conservancy, typically use wood or charcoal for cooking purposes. The health risks associated with inhaling smoke from these open fires, as well as time lost on collecting wood, are some of the daily challenges of women living in rural areas. To address these, Peace Parks collaborated with Commonland, to investigate the use of fuel-efficient cookstoves. These stoves reduce the consumption of wood and charcoal by approximately 30% and the greenhouse gas emittance by 80%, when compared to cooking on traditional open fires, offering benefits to both users and the environment.

During a successful pilot project 240 cookstoves were distributed to community members within Simalaha. Reports from the field confirmed the stoves’ efficacy: water takes between three and five minutes to boil, and farmers were able to use small twigs to cook with, instead of traditional logs. Recognising the benefits of the cookstove, thousands of households indicated that they would also like to start using it. In May 2020, the first 2 100 of a proposed additional 10 000 cookstoves were delivered to Simalaha.

In addition, a carbon credit model is being implemented that will convert this clean cooking into a direct monetary return for the communities.


The past few years, supported by Peace Parks, various interventions were initiated to improve the learning experience, and increase the attendance rate, of students. Solar panels were installed at schools and clinics to provide electricity for lights. This has also enabled the presentation of evening classes aimed at boosting literacy levels of adults from the surrounding communities. Houses were constructed for teachers at the school. In 2019, a vegetable garden was established, and water provided, to grow food for the pupils who have to stay at the school during the week. Supported by Hitachi, two new computer literacy classrooms  – one each for Kasaya and Sankalonga primary schools, were constructed in 2019 and ten laptops provided to kick-start the integration of computer-based learning in the schools.


In 2018 Peace Parks Foundation presented the community with 200 disease-free buffalo. Providing disease-free buffalo to Simalaha was crucial, as this member of Africa’s popular Big-5 will not only boost the tourism offering but will also generate income through the sale of the offspring of the buffalo to other areas in Zambia.


The day the buffalo returned to Simalaha


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