Nyika-North Luangwa


The richest concentration of wild orchids in southern Africa

These high-lying areas are often shrouded in mist, giving them a unique appeal. In summer a multitude of wildflowers and orchids burst forth on the highlands, making it a sight unlike any seen in most other game parks. Nyika boasts 213 different species of wild orchids species, 30 which are endemic to the park. As a critical mountain water catchment area for the country, Nyika, aptly means “where the water comes from”.


The Nyika-North Luangwa and Vwaza/Lundazi components of the Malawi Zambia TFCA includes Malawi's Nyika National Park, Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve and Zambia's North Luangwa National Park, Nyika National Park, Lundazi Forest Reserve, Mitengi Forest Reserve, Mikuti Forest Reserve and the Musalangu Game Management Area.

National Parks

National Parks

Protected Area

Protected Area

Transfrontier Conservation Area

Transfrontier Conservation Area

Country Border

Country Border



Within the Nyika-North Luangwa component of the TFCA, PPF is focusing on development of the Nyika Plateau, Vwasa Marsh Wildlife Reserve/Lundazi Forest and the Chama Block in the Musalanga GMA.

Nyika is Malawi’s largest national park located on the Nyika Plateau, a relatively large highland massif located on the international boundary between Malawi and Zambia. As a mountain catchment area, the plateau plays a significant role in providing opportunities to conserve several crucial ecosystem services, firstly, as a catchment for water production, and secondly, as a refuge area for rare and unique species of both fauna and flora.

Funded by KfW, initiatives include protected area management and development of infrastructure, supporting institutional arrangements, and community involvement in conservation.


Infrastructure development

Much effort has been put into enhancing the working environment, improving accessibility and providing better tourist facilities, with a specific focus on the Nyika-North Luangwa component of the MAZA TFCA.  This includes upgrading and maintaining roads, renovating entrance gates and accommodation establishments, as well as refurbishing and constructing staff housing, offices and service facilities. Highlights since 2011, when field activities got off the ground thanks to the support of GEF/World Bank and the Norwegian embassy in Malawi, include:


Through support provided by TFCA structures, there has been a significant decline in poaching, and an increase in the populations of key species on the Nyika plateau. The level of poaching remains high, though, and a priority challenge to address if a sustainable future is to be secured for this conservation area. In order to assist with this, law enforcement staff receive ongoing training in topics such as investigations, search operations, discipline, the use of GPS and data management. A new radio communication network, with handsets, was installed and covers all camps in Nyika National Parks and Vwaza Marsh Wildlife Reserve. In addition, a light aircraft has been purchased and two staff members of the Department of National Parks and Wildlife in Malawi trained as pilots. Aerial support will aid in anti-poaching patrols as well as day-to-day conservation management within Nyika and Vwaza .


We have been assisting Nyika with rewilding programmes since 2007. In 2017 this continued with the translocation of 34 elephants from Liwonde National Park in Malawi where the carrying capacity of elephant had been far exceeded, to Nyika National Park. Three decades ago, more than 300 elephants graced the steep foothills of the Nyika Plateau. Extreme poaching, however, resulted in an estimated 67% decline in this population since 1992, and by 2016 only approximately 100 elephants could be found roaming the 3 200 km² Nyika National Parks that straddle the Malawi/Zambia border. The benefits of the translocation include improving the viability of the herd and fast-tracking recovery of critical elephant numbers in the park. The elephants, that have been closely monitored since their release, have settled in well.


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