The Lower Zambezi-Mana Pools transfrontier conservation area between Zambia and Zimbabwe lies in the Zambezi Valley, which since the dawn of time has been used by wildlife as a thoroughfare between the escarpment and the Zambezi River. The two national parks lying opposite each other make for a massive wildlife sanctuary on both sides of the Zambezi River. Mana Pools is a World Heritage Site based on its wildness and beauty, together with the wide range of large mammals, over 350 bird species and aquatic wildlife. The name Mana means ‘four' in the local Shona language and refers to four large pools inland from the Zambezi River. These pools are the remnant ox-bow lakes that the Zambezi River had carved out thousands of years ago as it changed its course. Hippopotamus, crocodile and a wide variety of aquatic birds are associated with the pools. Long Pool, the largest of the four pools, has a large population of hippo and crocodile and is a favourite of the large herds of elephant that come out of the thickly vegetated areas in the south to drink and bathe.
The supporting documentation, preparatory work and draft memorandum of understanding (MoU) have been finalised for the governments of Zambia and Zimbabwe to formalise the TFCA.